Millions of Americans suffer from allergies. Many people are afflicted with some type of allergy to all sorts of things, such as environmental allergens, odors, fumes, food, and cigarette smoke are few of the factors. Allergies despite not being diseases can severely affect your health for weeks. Allergy is widespread and affects approximately one in four of the population in the UK at some time in their lives. According to a study each year the numbers are increasing approximately by 5% with as many as half of all those affected being children.
Allergy is basically a Greek term which means “other work”. The term allergy is used to describe a response, by the body, to a substance, which is not necessarily harmful itself, but results immune responses and reactions that causes symptoms and disease in a predisposed person, causing inconvenience, or a great deal of misery. It occurs when the body’s immune system overreacts to normally harmless substances. It is a popular form of immune reaction which creates the process of irritating the body through means of itching. Allergy is a common disorder which is virtually affecting more than 50% of the total world population in one way or the other. By allergy the immune system reacts against a substance that it is not supposed to react against, and the reaction is often exaggerated. Allergy often leads to the formation of certain chronic diseases. Allergy may be caused due to weather, dust, food, pollution, animals, flowers, plants etc and the list is quite unending. Objects containing substances that commonly cause allergy are domestic dust, animal hair, household chemicals, chlorine, microorganisms, pollen, nuts, citrus fruits and seafood. Also bacteria and parasites can cause inappropriately strong immune reactions.
TYPES OF ALLERGY
Allergic reactions are caused by substances in the environment known as allergens. Almost anything can be an allergen for someone. Allergens contain protein, which is a constituent of the food we eat. In fact it is an organic compound, containing nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen, which form an important part of living organism.
Allergy varies according to the compound that causes the immunological reaction. An allergic condition also often implies reaction against a combination of several substances. An allergic condition may periodically get better or worse according to the concentration of the allergen in the environment. A typical example is pollen allergy with peaks in the pollination season of grass or trees.
An allergic person will often get symptoms from several tissues in the body, but the symptoms are often most prominent at one body part and give very specific symptoms at that site. Broadly speaking, there are only three types of allergies, which affect us commonly. These include:
Allergies to food can be mild, like a little tingling in the mouth, but for some people they may be severe, for example causing difficulty in breathing. Food allergies happen when a person’s immune system mistakenly diagnoses that something the person is eating is harmful for the body. The most common foods that cause allergies are wheat, soy, peanuts, milk, eggs, tree nuts, fish and shellfish. Symptoms of food allergies include swelling in the throat or other parts of the body, abdominal pain, eczema, dizziness, diarrhea or vomiting.
This type of allergy is due to contact with chemicals and fumes, insect bites, allergic contact eczema, leather etc. Symptoms of contact allergy include redness, itchy, deep blisters, scaly patches and weepy skin.
Inhalant allergy, also known as atopy is caused by allergic reactions to substances in the environment including pets, dust mites, outdoor air pollutants like pollens are the chief allergens. Formaldehydes, molds, occupational allergies etc fall under this category. Symptoms of inhalant allergy include inflammation, sputum secretion and contraction of respiratory system resulting insufficient breath.
Prevention works better than cure in respect of allergy. But when allergy becomes very acute, proper treatment should be meted out to overcome it. Allergy needs proper treatment and medical diagnosis. But most importantly, allergy which is caused due to dust and pollution can be treated by way of avoiding them. It is basically recommended to stay far away from those things which produce allergies
Before providing the basic treatment to the allergy patient, the root causes of allergy should be diagnosed correctly. For this purpose, a proper skin test and blood test should be conducted. Through this process the basic cause of allergy can be sorted out and on the basis of it the right treatment allergy could be processed. There are a lot of therapies which has been in practice for overcoming of allergy. Certain alternative medicines like herbal medication, ayurvedic medication, homeopathy and chinese medicines are helpful in treatment of various types of allergies. Besides these, there are also certain aromatic processes which also work wonders in the process of overcoming allergies.